Wednesday, March 18, 2020
My Opinion essays In my opinion, I would in no way want to live in medieval, the time period in which Alyce lived in. Because finding a home and cures for diseases were very difficult. In addition, education was saved only for the rich. Many people were homeless because they could not get a job to make money to buy a house. The conditions of being homeless were horrible. There was no way to get any education because no one had any care enough for the home less to give them any free learning. If you were lucky, you were able to get a low paying job getting stale bread and old cheese as pay. Moreover, being poor caused all sorts of medical ales. The medical conditions were disgustingly bad. Doctors rarely helped those who lived in villages. They had no real medicines, but only natural remedies that they created. Idea that every substance in nature held some sort of power account for a large variety of substances. Natural functions, such a sneezing were thought to be the best way of maintaining health. When there was any build up of one humor, or body fluid, it could be removed through sweat, tears, feces or urine. When the natural systems broke down, illness occurred. Preformed at last resort, surgery was known to be successful in cases of breast cancer, fistula, hemorrhoids, gangrene, and cataracts, and scrofula. The most common form of surgery was bloodletting, which was to restore the balance of the humors. As well as the homeless and medical conditions, the levels of educational opportunities were scarce. There were very few teachers, and if you ever got the chance to have a teacher, the prices were over the top. The majority of the entire population had no learning of math or literature. Most did not even no the alphabet. As a matter of fact, only wealthy was appreciated enough for the opportunity to have an education. None of this would make me want to live in that time period any more than I do now. ...
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Shimabara Rebellion in Japan The Shimabara Rebellion was a peasant revolt against Matsukura Katsuie of the Shimabara Domain and Terasawa Katataka of the Karatsu Domain. Date Fought between December 17, 1637 and April 15, 1638, the Shimabara Rebellion lasted four months. Armies Commanders Shimabara Rebels Amakusa Shiro27,000-37,000 men Tokugawa Shogunate Itakura ShigemasaMatsudaira Nobutsuna125,000-200,000 men Shimabara Rebellion - Campaign Summary Originally the lands of the Christian Arima family, the Shimabara Peninsula was given to the Matsukura clan in 1614. As a result of their former lords religious affiliation, many of the inhabitants of the peninsula were Christian as well. The first of the new lords, Matsukura Shigemasa, sought advancement within the ranks of the Tokugawa Shogunate and aided in the construction ofÃ¢â¬â¹ Edo Castle and a planned invasion of the Philippines. He also pursued a strict policy of persecution against local Christians. While Christians were persecuted in other areas of Japan, the degree of Matsukuras repression was considered particularly extreme by outsiders such as local Dutch traders. After taking over his new lands, Matsukura constructed a new castle at Shimabara and saw that the Arima clans old seat, Hara Castle, was dismantled. To finance these projects, Matsukura levied heavy taxes on his people. These policies were continued by his son, Matsukura Katsuie. A similar situation developed on the adjacent Amakusa Islands where the Konishi family had been displaced in favor of the Terasawas. In the fall of 1637, the discontented populace as well as local, masterless samurai began to meet in secret to plan an uprising. This broke out in Shimabara and the Amakusa Islands on December 17, following the assassination of the local daikan (tax official) Hayashi HyÃ ´zaemon. In the revolts early days, the regions governor and more than thirty noblemen were killed. The ranks of the rebellion quickly swelled as all those living in Shimabara and Amakusa were forced to join the rebel armys ranks. The charismatic 14/16-year old Amakusa Shiro was selected to lead the rebellion. In an effort to snuff out the revolt, the governor of Nagasaki, Terazawa Katataka, dispatched a force of 3,000 samurai to Shimabara. This force was defeated by the rebels on December 27, 1637, with the governor losing all but 200 of his men. Taking the initiative, the rebels laid siege to the Terazawa clans castles at Tomioka and Hondo. These proved unsuccessful as they were forced to abandon both sieges in the face of advancing shogunate armies. Crossing the Ariake Sea to Shimabara, the rebel army laid siege to Shimabara Castle but were unable to take it. Withdrawing to the ruins of Hara Castle, they re-fortified the site using wood taken from their ships. Provisioning Hara with food and ammunition seized from Matsukuras storehouses at Shimabara, the 27,000-37,000 rebels prepared to receive the shogunate armies that were arriving in the area. Led by Itakura Shigemasa, shogunate forces laid siege to Hara Castle in January 1638. Surveying the situation, Itakura requested aid from the Dutch. In response, Nicolas Koekebakker, the head of the trading station at Hirado, sent gunpowder and cannon. Itakura next requested that Koekebakker send a ship to bombard the seaward side of Hara Castle. Arriving in de Ryp (20), Koekebakker and Itakura began an ineffective 15-day bombardment of the rebel position. After being taunted by the rebels, Itakura sent de Ryp back to Hirado. He was later killed in a failed attack on the castle and replaced by Matsudaira Nobutsuna. Seeking to regain the initiative, the rebels launched a major night raid on February 3, which killed 2,000 soldiers from Hizen. Despite this minor victory, the rebels situation worsened as provisions dwindled and more shogunate troops arrived. By April, the 27,000 remaining rebels were facing over 125,000 shogunate warriors. With little choice left, they attempted a break out on April 4, but were unable to get through Matsudairas lines. Prisoners taken during the battle revealed that the rebels food and ammunition were nearly exhausted. Moving forward, shogunate troops attacked on April 12, and succeeded in taking Haras outer defenses. Pushing on, they finally managed to take the castle and end the rebellion three days later. Shimabara Rebellion - Aftermath Having taken the castle, the shogunate troops executed all those rebels who were still alive. This coupled with those who committed suicide prior to the castles fall, meant that the entire 27,000-man garrison (men, women, children) died as a result of the battle. All told, approximately 37,000 rebels and sympathizers were put to death. As the rebellions leader, Amakusa Shiro was beheaded and his head taken back to Nagasaki for display. As the Shimabara Peninsula and the Amakusa Islands were essentially depopulated by the rebellion, new immigrants were brought in from other parts of Japan and the lands divided among a new set of lords. Ignoring the role that over-taxation played in causing the revolt, the shogunate opted to blame it on the Christians. Officially banning the faith, Japanese Christians were forced underground where they remained until the 19th century. In addition, Japan closed itself to the outside world, only allowing a few Dutch merchants to remain.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Leadership style - Essay Example The main purpose of this exercise is to understand different leadership styles and their impact on the followers. Interview with the senior nurse manager revealed that she gave orders to her subordinates and peers, as well. She kept most authority to herself and did not involve her reporting managers in any of the work-related decisions. All her reporting staff were habituated of taking orders. The senior nurse manager was extremely quick in taking decisions, without spending much time. The things that annoyed her manager were delay and interruptions in accomplishing the tasks. She would get impatient at people that tried to question or understand the underlying reasons for her decisions. Response from the team nurse manager was quite contrasting. She believed in working with others, and team membersÃ¢â¬â¢ involvement and participation defined her style of leadership. She would always take her team membersÃ¢â¬â¢ opinion before taking specific decisions. She enjoyed working with people and not in isolation. The manager gets annoyed by unscrupulous behavior and isolation. The senior manager possesses autocratic leadership and the team nurse manager is a democratic leader. Both autocratic and democratic styles have significant impact on followers in terms of task accomplishment and motivation. While autocratic leadership uses authority, coercive power and reliance on others for achievement of desired outcomes, the contrasting style, i.e., democratic style uses trust, encouragement, participation and delegation of responsibilities to achieve desired outcomes. Democratic leaders levy complete trust in the abilities of their followers whereas autocratic leaders do not act based on trust but believe in action and abilities. As seen in the case of senior nurse manager, all tasks are almost always completed on time and under utmost discipline, unlike the team manager who gets tasks completed with lenience and sometimes in chaotic manner. The
Saturday, February 1, 2020
The Anti-imperialist League - Essay Example Thesis Paragraph The Anti-Imperialist League was an essentially American organization that came into existence on June 15, 1898.1 The organization stood for varied fundamental principles enshrined in the American Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, and imminent in the American way of life. The Anti-Imperialist League opposed the annexation of Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico or any other nation by the United States of America.2 It opposed any form of expansionist policy on the part of United States, as its members believed it to be contrary to the fundamental ethos of republicanism. The Anti-Imperialist League had no aversion to the expansion of Unite States in the areas of trade, business, political ideas, culture, religion and humanitarian efforts. However, they challenged any politically expansionist designs on the part of the United States, as they intended to deprive the inhabitants of the annexed nations of their inalienable right of self determination and self gove rnment.3 The Anti-Imperialist League drew inspiration from the ideas given by the cherished patriarchs of the past like the founding fathers, George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.4 Though, a majority of the Americans supported the annexation of Philippines, Cuba and Puerto Rico, the Ant-Imperialist League was a beacon of hope in the troubled times that stood against any imperialist or colonial policy on the part of the united States. The principles of the League were inherently just and in consonance with the democratic principle of the right of the rulers to govern the ruled only by their consent. Its members considered the idea of subjugation of other nations by the United States as being a criminal act that violated the very spirit of American democracy.5 Though in minority, the League was ethically and morally, certainly on the right track. The Anti-Imperialist extended varied reasons to denounce the expansionist designs of the United States. One was the unnecessary and futile sacrifice of the American soldiers and sailors in the military campaigns undertaken to gain control over the foreign lands.6 It denounced the slaughter of PhilippinesÃ¢â¬â¢ natives by the American army and navy as being horrible and compared the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ expansionist designs to be like those of the colonial Spaniards.7 The other important weapon in the hands of the Anti-Imperialist League was the ethical and moral superiority of its cause before the coercive nature of the American expansionist designs in Philippines. Its members declared that the imperial nature of the American expansionist doctrine was not in accordance with the basic American spirit of liberty and freedom. It amounted to the suppression of the weak by the strong and powerful. It warned the United States from conforming to the ancient legacy of the supremacy of might over the right and urged it to return back to the Philippines the sovereignty and independence that it justly deserved.8 The Anti-Imper ialist League also drew the public attention towards the possibility of a complete success of the international imperialist forces, going by the fact that the only viable and capable, moral, ethical and military opposition that is the United States of America was willing to comply with and follow their doctrine of annexation and control by force.9 This attitude on the part of th
Friday, January 24, 2020
Eveline, Dubliners and James Joyce Ã "Eveline" is the story of a young teenager facing a dilemma where she has to choose between living with her father or escaping with Frank, a sailor which she has been courting for some time. The story is one of fifteen stories written by James Joyce in a collection called "Dubliners". These stories follow a certain pattern that Joyce uses to express his ideas: "Joyce's focus in Dubliners is almost exclusively on the middle-class Catholics known to himself and his family"(the Gale Group). Joyce's early life, family background, and his catholic background appear in the way he writes these stories. "Where Joyce usually relates his stories to events in his life, there are some stories which are actually events that took place in his life" (Joyce, Stanislaus). James Joyce in his letter to Grant Richard writes: Ã My intention was to write a chapter of the moral history of my country and I chose Dublin for the scene because that city seemed to me the center of paralysis. I tried to present it to the indifferent public under four of these aspects: childhood, adolescence, maturity and public life. The stories are arranged in this order. (5 May 1906; Selected letters). (Ingersoll) Ã In the story, Eveline's family is described poor, and they probably don't live a very comfortable life. The dust and Eveline's struggle for money mentioned in the story all go to explain the misery in their life: "Besides, the invariable squabble for money on Saturday nights had begun to weary her unspeakably"(Joyce5). This misery also appears in other stories by Joyce like 'The Sisters' and 'Araby'. Joyce could have related his childhood days when his family was in some financial crises to the family background of Eveline in the story: "but the [Joyce's] family fortunes took a sharp turn for the worse during Joyce's childhood" (Gale Group). From the story, we are told that it is from this misery, and her father's attitude that Eveline decides she would leave home, although, she does not leave at the end of the story. Joyce could have been writing about the urge the had to leave Dublin during his youth because he: "[cites] the city of Dublin as the center of paralysis" (t he Gale Group).
Thursday, January 16, 2020
In the aspect of social community safety and welfare, incidence of fire disaster is indeed viewed to be very critical and damaging for the people. Primarily, this disaster posts danger to the people as it present injuries and even death to afflicted individuals and also, fire disaster posts certain damages to valuable life properties and social construction.Indeed, fire disasters are dangerous and very disadvantageous thus, the people must exert efforts and resource to prevent this problem from occurring and causing problems for the people. There are actually many new ways and technological advancement that have created to address the need of the society towards safety and security against the fire disaster. One of which is the development of the water sprinkler system in the social construction such as houses, buildings and other private and public construction.The system of water sprinkler is indeed an efficient and effective innovation for public safety as countless fire disasters have already been prevented by this creation. Consider primarily the beneficial that this system offers to the society. First, the water sprinkler system is automatic through its sensors thus, fire incidences can be premature prevented before it even destroy valuable property or inflict danger to the people.Second, modern innovations have developed this system to be more efficient thus, the aspect of water problem can be minimized. Indeed, the water sprinkler system installation is an effective means to prevent the dangers of fire disaster thus, the mandatory state of this installation need must be establish in each local community. As some people may argue, water sprinkler system also has its flaws and adverse issue yet, these people must consider first the question: Ã¢â¬Å"What if there is no water sprinkler system?Ã¢â¬ Indeed, this scenario would be much more problematic and adverse for the people as even the simplest fire originating form small sparks or friction can create a major fire disaster destroying valuable and even priceless infrastructures and property. What is more important that each community must consider when evaluating the need for the said system is the value and importance of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives and their safety. Thus, the installation of the water sprinkler systems is an important addition to the basic construction elements for each private and public buildings and dom
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Creating and Strengthening organizational culture: The experience of Digi Malaysia TABLE OF CONTENT Introduction Discussion Power Distance Individualism versus collectivism Masculinity versus feminity Uncertainty Avoidance Conclusion Citation INTRODUCTION Culture is a global phenomenon that derived from social, economic, legal, political and religious norms, values and traditions of the society. Culture shapes the behavior of individuals to act accordingly in different situations faced by the individuals in all spheres of life. An organizational culture is commonly defined as a set of beliefs, values and assumptions that are shared by members of an organization (Schein, 1985). In both personal and organizational level, itÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦3) MASCULINITY- A situation in which the dominant values are success, money and professions as opposed to the situation in which the dominant values are caring for others and the quality of life. 4) UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE - The extent to which people feel threatened by ambiguous situations and have created beliefs and institutions that they try to avoid. This study evaluated the organizational culture dimensions of Digi Malaysia based on the Hosftede theory. RESULT amp; DISCUSSION Power Distance Based on Hofstede (1991) survey, he discovered that the two main ethnic groups in Malaysia (Malay and Chinese) are very high power distance. Malaysia ranked top in the list among the 50 countries studied across 3 regions with the power distance score of 104. Back in 2004, Digi Malaysia had practiced high power distance culture which can be interpreted from its organizational structure and working environment. Like most other Asia-based organisations, its former office was a less than inspring space, occupied by warrens of conversation-proof cubicles. Instead of an office awash with natural light, DiGiÃ¢â¬â¢s previous office was hidden behind window blinds and flooded with stark fluorescent lights. Senior managers were ensconced behind closed doors which impeded effective communication.Show MoreRelatedCase 29 Panera Bread Company: Rising Fortunes?25159 Words Ã |Ã 101 PagesMAXIS BERHAD COMPANY PROFILE Maxis Berhad, with its consolidated subsidiaries (together, Maxis ), is the leading mobile communications service provider in Malaysia with over 11.4 million mobile subscribers as of 30 June 2009. Maxis was granted licences to operate a nationwide GSM900 mobile network, a domestic fixed network and an international gateway in 1993. It commenced its mobile operations in August 1995 and launched its fixed line and international gateway operations in early 1996. Since